Share This Article
The causes of tooth decay decay are leading to pulpitis, dead pulp, inflammation around the root, abscesses around the tooth root, tooth decay that can break teeth, tooth decay that reduces aesthetics, causing bad breath affecting communication.
Cavities are lesions in the hard tissues of the teeth that form holes in the tooth surface. Cavities can be on the surface of the crown or root, the damage to the crown of the tooth starts from the enamel, and the damage on the root starts from the enamel or dentin.
What causes tooth decay?
The cause of tooth decay is caused by bacteria available in the mouth, mainly Streptococcus Mutans, when there is food on the tooth surface, especially sugar and starch, the bacteria will break down the food to create acid that erodes tooth enamel. forming a deep hole.
Bacteria, acids, food particles on the tooth surface will form a sticky film called dental plaque, this film is very sticky and is present on all teeth, especially molars, not only causes cavities. teeth but also cause gingivitis and periodontitis.
Dental plaque is gradually mineralized by minerals in saliva and food to form tartar.
After the enamel is eroded into the hole, the more bacteria and food have the opportunity to attach, the more acid is produced, the harder the organization (enamel and dentin) is destroyed, the cavity is enlarged and toward the pulp of the tooth.
People who have receding gums with open neck and tooth roots, the dental plaque will stick to and start the process of breaking down acid-forming food on the surface of the tooth neck and root, the hard tissue of the tooth is eroded to form a cavity.
Vietnamese people in general have a habit of using a hard brush and brushing horizontally, so they often wear down the neck and root of the tooth, exposing the root dentin, the exposed root dentin is easy to decay.
How to detect decay?
Tooth decay will be sensitive when there is hot and cold stimulus, sweet and sour, when the cavity is close to the pulp, the pulp will be inflamed, the patient has a period of toothache.
To detect tooth decay, everyone needs to go to the dentist every 6 months to check for tooth decay and treat it in time.
Cavities located on the chewing surface, the outer and inner surfaces of the teeth are easy to detect during clinical examination, the cavities on the contiguous surfaces of two teeth are more difficult to detect. In many cases, X-rays are needed for diagnosis. can take close-up film or panorama film.
Treatment of tooth decay
The cavities of the permanent teeth need to be cleaned of all dentin and filled with amalgam, composite, glassionomer cement, baby teeth can be filled with glassionomer cement, porcelain cement and phosphate cement.
Large cavities can be repaired with metal or porcelain inlays or onlays, large broken teeth should be covered with metal or porcelain crowns.
Teeth with pulp damage need root canal treatment and then tooth restoration.
If the tooth is properly treated, it can be used like any other normal tooth.
Measures to prevent disease
Dental caries leaves a great impact on the taste of food or even the confidence of each person in communication. Therefore, people should voluntarily take measures to help keep their teeth strong and reduce the risk of tooth decay. So to prevent, what do we need to do? To help you easily keep your teeth healthy and beautiful, we would like to share a few preventive measures below:
Use a toothpaste containing fluoride to clean your teeth after each meal. In particular, you must brush your teeth at least twice a day (at night before going to bed and in the morning after waking up).
Use dental floss or a small-head toothbrush to clean between your teeth. Limit the use of toothpicks because usually the tip of the toothpick is large, so it is easy to cause bleeding gums.
After light meals, it is advisable to use a mouthwash containing fluoride to clean the mouth quickly.
Carry out regular dental check-ups and removals or as directed by a doctor. Regular dental check-ups will help you easily detect early dental diseases and treat them promptly.
For damaged teeth, you should consult a doctor to restore or cover the damaged tooth with a filling. Dental fillings not only help restore tooth function but also bring aesthetic beauty to your teeth.
Limit snacks, especially sweet foods, containing a lot of sugar (such as cakes, candies, …), foods with strong odors (such as shrimp paste) or carbonated drinks. Because they will stimulate bacteria to attack your teeth to grow.
You should eat foods that are good for your teeth, and limit the use of foods that are too hard or easy to stick in between your teeth.
Use xylitol gum in combination with fluoride to reduce the risk.
Thank for reading the articles of Dentist Louisiana.